A guide to the latest bid to legalise assisted dying

Legislation to allow doctors to end the lives of terminally ill patients is expected to go before this NSW parliament this year.

The draft Voluntary Assisted Dying Bill 2017 calls for patients to be able to ask a doctor to help them end their life.

If passed, the law would apply to those over 25 who are expected to die within 12 months and are experiencing “extreme pain, suffering or physical incapacity”.

Doctors would prescribe or prepare an authorised injectable substance for the patient.

The Bill suggests the drugs could be self-administered by the patient.

Alternatively, if the patient is physically incapable of self-administering, the assisting doctor could administer the substance themselves or give it “to any other person for administration to the patient”.

The decision to prescribe the lethal injection would have to be signed off by two medical practitioners, who must not be closely associated with the patient.

The patient must also be assessed by an independent psychiatrist or psychologist to guarantee they are of sound mind and capable of giving consent.

The Bill stipulates that the patient may rescind a request for assistance “at any time and in any manner”.

Other safeguards include a 48-hour cooling-off period and the right for close relatives to challenge patient eligibility in the Supreme Court.

The Bill, expected to go before the NSW Parliament in August, will be subject to a conscience vote.

The voluntary euthansasia model proposed is the result of two years' work by a cross-party parliamentary working group.

The NSW Bill comes just months after a voluntary euthanasia bill was defeated in the South Australian Parliament by a single vote.

The Victorian parliament is preparing to consider its own legislation in the second half of the year.