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Medicines Update

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Medicines Update

Report highlights antibiotics concerns

A new report revealing that some 30 per cent of antibiotic prescriptions were deemed to be inappropriate highlights the need for vigilance, the PSA believes.

The results of the 2013 National Antimicrobial Prescribing (NAP) survey show that inappropriate use was mainly related to unnecessary use of broad-spectrum antimicrobials and incorrect duration of treatment, says PSA national president Joe Demarte.

“Another area of concern is the report found inappropriate prescribing was very common for patients with acute exacerbation of COPD, for which 46 per cent of prescriptions were noncompliant with guidelines.

“Of great concern is the finding that surgical prophylaxis was the highest indication for antimicrobial use and was given for more than 24 hours in 41.5 per cent of cases. The best practice standard is less than 5 per cent.”

Mr Demarte says a positive from the report is that the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care will consider developing a standard for antimicrobial use in surgical prophylaxis, as it was the highest indication for antibiotic use. The commission will also consider appropriate action with regard to COPD.

“The inappropriate use of antibiotics only adds to the problem of antimicrobial resistance,” he said.

OTC switch survey

There has been much attention about Australia being one of the least innovative countries in reclassifying prescription medicines – especially in down-scheduling drugs to the S3 category.

Griffith University researchers are currently conducting a survey of the opinions of pharmacists and pharmacy staff about the current state of medicines classification in Australia, as part of a research project titled “Demand and Readiness for Increased Non-Prescription Availability of Australian Medicines: Pharmacy Perspectives and Associated Factors”.

To participate in the survey or to find more information, click here. Participants will be entered in a draw to win a $100 Coles Myer Gift Card.

New diabetes treatment

Australians with diabetes have a new treatment option following the addition of Toujeo (insulin glargine 300U/mL) to the Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods (ARTG) on 30th June.

A new formulation basal insulin from the makers of Lantus (insulin glargine 100U/mL), Toujeo is designed to release insulin glargine more gradually.

Studies have shown a similar reduction in HbA1c from baseline, and a reduction in severe or confirmed nocturnal hypoglycaemia compared with Lantus in patients with Type 2 diabetes.

“The ability to get a patient to their blood glucose goal is often hindered by episodes of hypoglycaemia, which is the most serious adverse event associated with insulin treatment,” said Professor Stephen Twigg, head of endocrinology at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital in Sydney.

“Any new therapy which offers a lower risk of hypoglycaemia is going to be a welcome addition to our treatment options when managing diabetes.”



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